Architecture, Engineering, & Design
People need places in which to live, work, play, learn, worship, meet, govern, shop, and eat.
Architects are responsible for designing these places, whether they are private or public; indoors or out; rooms, buildings, or complexes. Architects are licensed professionals trained in the art and science of building design who develop the concepts for structures and turn those concepts into images and plans.
Architects create the overall look of buildings and other structures, but the design of a building involves far more than its appearance. Buildings also must be functional, safe, and economical and must suit the needs of the people who use them. Architects consider all these factors when they design buildings and other structures.
Architects may be involved in all phases of a construction project, from the initial discussion with the client through the final delivery of the completed structure. Their duties require specific skills—designing, engineering, managing, supervising, and communicating with clients and builders. Architects spend a great deal of time explaining their ideas to clients, construction contractors, and others. Successful architects must be able to communicate their unique vision persuasively.
Architects may also assist clients in obtaining construction bids, selecting contractors, and negotiating construction contracts. As construction proceeds, they may visit building sites to make sure that contractors follow the design, adhere to the schedule, use the specified materials, and meet work quality standards. The job is not complete until all construction is finished, required tests are conducted, and construction costs are paid. Sometimes, architects also provide postconstruction services, such as facilities management. They advise on energy efficiency measures, evaluate how well the building design adapts to the needs of occupants, and make necessary improvements.
The engineering industry is comprised of chemical, civil, industrial and mechanical engineering divisions.
The civil engineering division is basically concerned with the activities like planning, construction, designing or manufacturing of structures. The chemical division is concerned with engineering activities like construction, design and operation of plants and machinery of chemical products such as drugs, synthetic rubber, etc. Electrical engineering primarily deals with all engineering activities, such as the manufacturing of devices for generation of electricity or designing devices for transmission of electricity. This electrical engineering division is also concerned with the designing and manufacturing of electronic devices including computers and their accessories. The mechanical engineering division specifically deals with designing and manufacturing of power plants, engines or related devices. The industrial engineering sector is principally concerned with the processing of production like laying out plants, etc. The engineering industry also includes fields such as Aeronautical engineering, where engineers supervise the design of aircraft, missiles, etc.
Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics
54131 - Architectural Services
54133 - Engineering Services
5417 - Scientific Research & Development Services in the Physical, Engineering, Life Sciences & Biotechnology
Job Titles (Click a Job Title to view general job description)
- Civil Engineer
- Electrical Engineer
- Architectural Intern
- Mechanical Engineer
- CAD Specialist / Draftsman
- Chemical Engineer
- Project Manager - Architecture/Engineering/Design
- Environmental Engineer
- Water Engineer
- Project Assistant
- Engineering Technician
- Proposal Specialist
- Interior Designer